Capital punishment in Egypt

The United Nations Treaty on Civil and Political Rights and other UN treaties impose pressures on the countries that still use the death penalty. The treaties say that the death penalty should only be applied in the most serious of crimes that result in extreme danger or death.

In March 2001, an international report about the use of the death penalty was conducted by a UN committee called "criminal justice and crime fighting”. It revealed that Egypt is one of the countries amongst twelve worldwide that recorded that more than 100 executions over a period of five years from 1994-1998(1).

The supporters of the death penalty argue that the death sentence is not meant to be a correctional punishment but a response to a heinous crime that must be dealt with in a strict and decisive manner; crimes such as ethnic cleansing, murder, sexual assault and genocide. Furthermore some believe there are religious reasons to convict people to death when committing such heinous crimes.

This is in contrast to those who believe that the soul is a gift from God which should never be taken by humans. They would argue that a prison sentence aims to reform convicts and to give them a second chance.Execution is also without reprise, which creates a great injustice if those executed are found later to be wrongly accused.

 


1– The United Nations’ document no E/CN. 15/2001.10، the committee concerned with criminal justice and crime fighting attached to the United Nations: The death penalty and applying guarantees which ensure the protection of the convicted’s rights, 29 March 2001.