Parliamentary jurisdiction in institutions' budgets

Controlling public funds and expenditure is one of the main ways through which the parliament exercises control over the executive authority and over the public sector and economic agencies.

The Parliament specialises in examining, controlling and auditing the general budget’s expenditure and resources. It decides upon and approves this budget every financial year until it becomes an effective law. The government then executes the budget law over an entire financial year, which starts the first of July, finishing at the end of June the following year. After the budget is implemented, the government or the Ministry of Finance provides the Parliament with an account statement regarding all fields of expenditure and revenue in the financial year.

The military’s budget, however, receives special treatment, as it is excluded from Parliamentary control, even though commercial army projects account for a large portion of the Egyptian economy (some experts estimate their size at a third of the gross domestic product (GDP)).

Those in favour of army budget control believe the jurisdiction should expand to include commercial sectors such as hotels and electronic equipment, as people have the right to know the value and source of the budget and how it is spent.

Those opposed to controlling the military institution's budget believe that it should not be available for public scrutiny in order to protect national security and military independence.

 


Research on 'Parliamentary control over executing financial policies (dimensions and challenges), Dr. Lobna Abdel Latif, www.eaddla.org/parlaman/peper_10.doc