The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed in July 1968 by more than 188 nations.

The treaty represents a signfiicant worldwide agreement to attempt to stop the spread or proliferation of nuclear weapons in the world. It also aims to support cooperation in the peaceful research and application of nuclear energy. The treaty is the sole binding commitment made by those countries that possess nuclear weapons excluding from India and Pakistan that did not sign the treaty. (Israel and North Korea are also suspected of possessing nuclear weapons and are not signatories of the treaty)

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty stipulates that those countries that do not possess the means to create nuclear weapons before January 1st, 1970 are not permitted to develop such weapons. The signatory states are also banned from using nuclear weapons unless they are attacked by nuclear weapons themselves.

Egypt is a signatory of the agreement yet there are some now calling for Egypt to withdraw it's membership as there are countries such as, North Korea, India, Pakistan and Israel that flout the agreement. Others say that there remain great benefits to membership such as the sharing of research information in the use of nuclear as an energy source.

The official signatory states of the Proliferation Treaty that posess nuclear weapons are: The United States of America, Russia, United Kingdom, France, and China.