Israeli-Egyptian relationships

Following the formation of the state of Israel in 1948, Egypt found itself frequently at war with Israel up to 1978 when the Camp David Accord was negotiated by the USA. The Accord brought about what some term the 'normalisation' of relations between the two countries and was signed by both countries in March 1979. The Accord stipulated that Israel withdraw from Sinai, which it had occupied since 1967 and in return Egypt guaranteed the passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and The Tirana Straits and Aquaba Bay waters would be deemed as international shipping routes.

Economic relations between the two countries have included a petrol export treaty in 2004, agreeing to export 1.7 billion cubic meters annually for 12 years and the Quiz Agreement which allowed Egyptian products to enter the American market without a customs tariff, using a proportion of Israeli components.

The treaty between the two countries is today met with great scepticism amongst the peoples of Egypt and Israel. In a poll conducted by the PEW research center in the period between March and April in 2011 54% of the participants said the treaty should be revoked with Israel while 36% believed that it should be maintained.

Support for the treaty comes from the likes of political researcher M Khalil who believes that the tourism benefits Egypt receives from the Sinai peninsula, the US State aid and avoiding the great cost of war for the last 30 years is a reason to maintain the 'normalised' relations with Israel.