Transitional justice

Transitional justice is a response to the systematic or widespread abuse of human rights. It calls for the due recognition of abuses suffered by victims, enhancing prospects for peace, reconciliation and democracy. Transitional justice is not a special form of justice, but rather an adaptation of justice to serve communities undergoing a phase of transformations in the aftermath of an era rampant with human rights violations. Sometimes these transformations occur suddenly, and at others they may take decades.

After the January 25 Revolution in 2011, and the first trials of leaders of the former regime, many in Egypt proposed trying all those involved in corruption cases and the killing of protestors, and eliminating National Democratic Party (NDP) symbols as well as minor officials involved with the former regime from political practice for a temporary period of not less than five years.

Supporters of this trend, however, vary on the method for achieving it; some believe in reviving and enforcing the Treachery Law issued in 1953, upon amendment, or issuing a new temporary law for this purpose.

Meanwhile, others oppose the concept of transitional justice and consider it exceptional judiciary. They prefer to use the regular judiciary so that members of the dissolved NDP facing serious allegations are presented before a natural judge. This viewpoint puts forth the difficulty of eliminating an entire regime at once; therefore they demand a rehabilitation of minor officials, leaving the decision of isolating these officials from political practice to voters, if they wish, via ballot boxes.